What is Spiral? How is it attached?

Prof. Dr. Ulun ULUĞ
Written by Prof. Dr. Ulun ULUĞ. 0 comments 4869 views

the most preferred birth control methods for couples to prevent pregnancy, is an intrauterine device 2-3 cm in size, T-shaped, made of plastic containing hormones and copper. This material placed in the uterus prevents sperm cells from reaching the egg. Even if fertilization is achieved, it makes the pregnancy ineffective by disrupting the intrauterine conditions necessary for the embryo to attach and continue its development. This method of protection is realized by placing the spiral inside the uterus by the doctors. However, before the spiral is inserted, the patient must be examined for evaluation.

It is generally preferred in the last days of menstruation because the cervix is in a more open position. Again, depending on this period, it is possible to place the spiral without the need for local anesthesia in most patients.

It is recommended that patients come to gynecological examinations approximately 1 month before their menstrual period. If there is any discharge during this period, it is planned to be evaluated with cultures and treated. After the treatment, it is generally preferred to apply in the last days when the intensity of the menstruation decreases.

Spiral application is a very simple application method performed in outpatient clinic conditions. In the gynecological examination, a speculum is applied and the vagina is cleaned with an antiseptic solution. Then spiral settings are made in an application tube. Before this, the localization of the uterine dimensions must be evaluated by ultrasound. And in line with these values, the spiral is adjusted and the application tube is placed into the uterus. Then the application tube is removed, the spiral is left in the uterus and its threads are cut. It is generally recommended to take painkillers half an hour to an hour before the procedure. Patients who cannot tolerate pain and do not want a local, are rarely put to sleep and spirals are placed.

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