What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

Today, sexually transmitted diseases have increased with modern life. The root of the problem is that individuals do not take the necessary precautions to protect themselves from such diseases, do not have enough information about these diseases and do not act consciously. In addition, after the diagnosis of the disease, not only the patient, but also his sexual partner should be checked and, if necessary, treatment should be applied.

Prof. Dr. Ulun ULUĞ
Written by Prof. Dr. Ulun ULUĞ. 0 comments 4956 views

Gonorrhea (Chlamydia and Gonorrhea)

Today, it is the most common disease of bacterial origin. Symptoms of the disease are a white-yellow sticky discharge from the penis. It also causes a burning sensation when urinating. In women , it occurs with symptoms such as bleeding outside the menstrual period, vaginal discharge and pain in the lower abdomen. In some patients, it may progress without symptoms. A man with gonorrhea creates a 50% chance of infecting his partner with a single relationship and 90% in more relationships. If a woman with gonorrhea; It carries a risk of transmission of 20% with a single relationship and 60-80% with more relationships.

If you are experiencing a problem such as discharge or a feeling of pain, you should definitely consult a specialist. During the examination, samples from the discharge or urine are taken and examined. After diagnosis, it is treated with antibiotics. Generally, in such diseases, the spouse and the person should be examined and included in the treatment if necessary. Because it is an infectious disease, even if it is treated, it can be re-infected from its partner. In addition, gonorrhea in pregnant women causes miscarriages and premature births. Serious health problems can be experienced by infecting the baby after birth.

Genital warts (Sexual warts)

These warts caused by the Human Papilloma Virus are also known as "condyloma acuminata". It is also a sexually transmitted disease. They are painless and rough tissue pieces that can come out in different sizes in the penis, vagina, genital area and anus. Since they have a tendency to spread rapidly, if left untreated, they can cover the entire genital organ.

It is not possible to treat these warts with medical drugs. It can be destroyed by minor surgical operations (melting, burning, cutting, freezing, laser). There is a possibility of recurrence after the first treatment. In addition, this virus can cause cervical cancer and vaginal cancer in women.

Genital Herpes

The cause of this disease is Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2. During sexual intercourse, the virus is transmitted directly from the skin area to the skin of the opposite sex. Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1, another type of this virus, is usually transmitted by non-sexual skin contact and causes herpes around the mouth-lips. There is no drug treatment for this disease. For this reason, very difficult and long-term treatment studies are carried out.

AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

Although there is no evidence that it is caused by HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), it is a deadly disease with no cure. By attacking the body's immune system, it gradually neutralizes the body. attack and cause disease. This disease, which is usually sexually transmitted, can sometimes be transmitted (through blood) through the transfusion of blood and blood products containing the virus, and the injury of needles and sharp instruments contaminated with the virus by cutting the skin. In addition, it can be passed from the mother who carries the virus to the baby at birth. There are no serious symptoms in the early stages. It appears with flu symptoms and may disappear again in 1 to 4 weeks. But this disappearance only applies to the symptoms. This disease, which can progress for years without symptoms, can be diagnosed with blood tests. There is no cure yet, antiviral drugs are used to prolong the life of the patient.

Syphilis (Syphilis)

It is a sexually transmitted bacterial disease. The first sign of the disease consists of a kind of painless, crater-shaped sore on the penis or vagina. However, it can also be seen around the mouth, hands and anus. While it can be effectively treated with penicillin, if left untreated, it will go to the next stage and affect the central nervous system.

Jaundice (Hepatitis)

It is a virus-based disease that affects the liver. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are sexually transmitted diseases. It is transmitted during sexual intercourse, in the transfer of infected blood and blood products, by injuring the skin by cutting needles and sharp instruments contaminated with the virus. A mother with this virus can also transfer it to her baby.

In general, patients with hepatitis virus do not have any symptoms. The first signs of the disease; high fever, headache, muscle pain, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea and diarrhea. When the liver is caught; It is manifested by dark urine color, abdominal pain, yellowing of the skin and white part of the eye. Later, cirrhosis leads to liver cancer, resulting in death. Vaccination is the best way to prevent this dangerous disease. However, vaccine treatment is only valid for hepatitis B, a cure has not yet been found for the hepatitis C virus.


It is another sexually transmitted bacterial disease. Trichomoniasis is more common in young sexually active women. It occurs with symptoms such as foul-smelling yellow-green frothy vaginal discharge, vaginal itching and redness, pain during sexual intercourse, frequent urination and discomfort in the lower abdomen. In men, it causes complaints such as penile discharge, frequent urination and painful urination. This disease can be cured with antibiotic therapy.

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