Sugar Rise During Pregnancy

Gestational diabetes (sugar elevation during pregnancy, gestational diabetes) is mostly a temporary condition. Normally, the carbohydrates we take from food are digested and pass into the blood as sugar (glucose) and are used by our cells as energy. When you consume a carbohydrate-containing food, a hormone called insulin is produced by the pancreatic organ. The duty of the insulin hormone secreted by the pancreas is to keep the sugar level in the blood balanced by introducing the glucose obtained from the food into the cell.

Prof. Dr. Ulun ULUĞ
Written by Prof. Dr. Ulun ULUĞ. 0 comments 4813 views

However, pregnancy hormones secreted during pregnancy complicate the task of insulin to introduce glucose into the cell, and this causes blood sugar to rise in pregnant women. Gestational diabetes can occur after the 20th week of pregnancy.

When should the loading test be done?

If your pregnancy is normal and healthy, if you do not have any complaints, the risk of gestational diabetes is investigated by performing a glucose (sugar) screening test between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. However, if you have diabetes (diabetes) symptoms such as rapid weight gain, frequent urination, drinking a lot of water, this screening test is recommended to be done in the previous weeks. CANDY

How to do a loading test?

Glucose screening test is done between 24 and 28 weeks to determine gestational diabetes. The fact that there are untrue rumors on the agenda about this test causes question marks in mind, but you should not worry. Because the 50 g glucose used for the test is actually not a scary amount. 1 slice of bread contains 15 g, 1 medium orange 18 g, 1 teaspoon of honey that you consume for breakfast contains 5 g of carbohydrates, namely sugar (glucose). Therefore, loading 50 g of sugar at a time does not cause any health problems. During the test, a plastic-covered needle is inserted into your arm and blood is drawn. This needle stays in your arm for 2 hours and a new needle is not inserted.

Glucose screening test

At any time of the day, 50 grams of glucose is given to the expectant mother for screening on an empty or full stomach; An hour later, blood sugar is checked. If the blood sugar is below 140, everything is normal. OGTT (ORAL GLUCOSE

Tolerance test

Fasting for at least 8 hours is required for this test. In the morning, fasting blood sugar is checked and the expectant mother is given 100 grams of glucose; Then blood glucose is measured every hour for 1 hour. In a normal pregnancy, blood sugar is expected not to exceed the values in the table below. Fasting Blood Glucose 95 mg/dl 1.Hour after loading 180 mg/dl After loading 2.Hour 155 mg/dl 3.Hour after loading 140 mg/dl SUGAR

Does the loading test harm the baby and the mother?

Sugar loading test, which has been the subject of many discussions in recent years, Sugar loading test in pregnant women is an internationally accepted practice. 50-75 grams of sugar given for the test is not harmful to the mother and baby. The only risk of this test is to get a needle. If gestational diabetes is detected as a result of the test, your doctor should refer you to a dietitian to monitor your nutrition.

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