Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disease that occurs when the sex hormones are out of balance. This disease affects women's reproductive health. Find out 7 important facts about this syndrome in today's article.

Prof. Dr. Ulun ULUĞ
Written by Prof. Dr. Ulun ULUĞ. 0 comments 5016 views
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disease that occurs when the sex hormones are out of balance. This disease affects women's reproductive health. Find out 7 important facts about this syndrome in today's article.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disease that affects women and is caused by an imbalance of sexual hormones. It occurs when the ovaries begin to produce more androgens than estrogen and progesterone. This interferes with the development and release of the egg during the menstrual cycle.

As a result, the woman's fertility is restricted. In addition, small sacs called cysts form. Because this condition causes various changes during the ovulation period, women with PCOS may experience menstrual irregularity, inflammation and other problems that affect their quality of life.

This disease usually occurs in young people. However, it is likely to occur in adult women as well. At first, pcos does not show any symptoms. However, there are certain major symptoms that need to be treated.

Because of the hormonal changes caused by this syndrome, everyone needs to know more about this disease. In today's article, we will share with you 7 important facts to get to know this disease better.

What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disease that occurs when there is an imbalance of sexual hormones and naturally affects the reproductive health of women.

It is also characterized by the formation of small cysts and follicles. It often also causes thickening of the outer walls of the ovaries.

What are PCOS symptoms?

As with many other diseases, this syndrome does not show very obvious symptoms at first.

But as time passes, some signals may make you think of polycystic ovary syndrome.

The most prominent symptoms of the disease are as follows:

Cessation of menstruation after one or two periods during puberty.
Menstrual irregularities, unusual bleeding, excessive body hair, excessive acne on the face and back, changes in skin texture, spots on the hands, difficulty conceiving or infertility, weight gain, excessive hair loss, excessive hair loss, change in breast size, what are the causes of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome? Also, genetic factors are highly associated with this syndrome, but nutrition may also play a role.

In summary, the most affected hormones are:

Estrogen Progesterone Androgen

Does PCOS increase the risk of ovarian cancer?

Although cysts caused by Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome are benign, their presence and hormonal changes can increase the risk of ovarian cancer.

Hormonal imbalances prevent the shedding of the inner lining of the uterus. Over time, this causes changes in cellular activities.

Does PCOS increase the risk of metabolic syndrome?

Imbalances in sex hormones can directly interfere with metabolic functions. As a result of this situation, some health problems occur.

Examples of these health problems include:

High blood pressure, Hypocholesterolemia, Obesity, Diabetes, High triglyceride levels, does it cause infertility in every case? It is true that this disease hinders the fertility of some women, but not every woman encounters this problem even if she has difficulty ovulating.

Unlike women who have a normal ovulation period, women with polycystic ovary syndrome have irregular periods. Therefore, the chances of pregnancy are lower.

However, timely and appropriate treatment can increase the ovulation rate and increase the probability of pregnancy.

Do cysts always need to be removed?

Many women with this disease think that the cysts in the ovaries will be removed with a surgical intervention. However, this is not always the case. Most cysts are mature and do not grow.

When viewed with ultrasound, the follicles often look like pearl necklaces. Although it is considered a serious problem, it does not have any danger.

Although cysts obviously affect hormonal balance and menstrual period, they can be kept under control by treating them with certain methods.

Treatment methods of this disease differ in each patient according to the severity of the hormonal imbalance.

After the diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, patients should have regular doctor check-ups to prevent the development of certain complications.

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