Irregular period

Between 14% and 25% of women have irregular menstrual cycles; this is the cycles are shorter or longer than normal or heavier or lighter than normal. So what is menstrual irregularity? You can find what you are wondering about the causes and treatment of menstrual irregularity in our news.

Prof. Dr. Ulun ULUĞ
Written by Prof. Dr. Ulun ULUĞ. 0 comments 4969 views
Irregular period

What is Menstrual Irregularity?

For most women, a normal menstrual cycle is 21 to 35 days. However, between 14% and 25% of women have irregular menstrual cycles; this means that the cycles are shorter or longer than usual; is heavier or lighter than usual; or experience other problems, such as abdominal cramps. In short , menstrual irregularity is an abnormal process that you can recognize from symptoms such as pain, absence of bleeding or occurring twice a month.

What Causes Menstrual Irregularity?

The duration and severity of menstrual bleeding varies from woman to woman. If a woman's menstrual period is extremely long, prolonged, or irregular, it is known as menorrhagia.

Symptoms of menorrhagia include a menstrual period that lasts longer than seven days, and the bleeding is so heavy that you need to change your tampon or pad more than once an hour. You should see your doctor if you have excessive or prolonged menstrual periods that interfere with your daily life.

Excessive bleeding can cause anemia or iron deficiency and may indicate an underlying medical condition. In most cases, abnormal periods can be successfully treated by a doctor.

Factors that can cause heavy or irregular periods

  • Medicines
  • Some anti-inflammatory drugs, anticoagulants, or hormone medications can affect menstrual bleeding.
  • Heavy bleeding can be a side effect of intrauterine devices used for birth control.
  • Hormone Imbalances
  • Excess estrogen and progesterone hormones can cause heavy bleeding. Hormone imbalances are most common among girls who have had menstrual irregularities in the past year and a half. It is also common in women approaching menopause.
  • Medical conditions
  • PID
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and other infections can cause irregular periods, such as endometriosis. This is a condition where the tissue that lines the inside of the uterus begins to grow in another part of the body. This can cause heavy bleeding as well as pain.
  • Hereditary Blood Disorder
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding may also be due to some inherited blood disorders that affect clotting.
  • Benign growth or Cancer
  • Cervical, ovarian, or uterine cancer can cause heavy bleeding, but these conditions are not common. Benign noncancerous tumors in the uterus can cause heavy bleeding or prolonged periods. A benign growth in the lining of the uterus wall (endometrium) can cause heavy bleeding or prolonged periods.

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