10 Effects of Smoking and Alcohol on Infertility

The effect of smoking and alcohol on infertility; It has been scientifically proven that its use causes many health problems and adversely affects reproductive health.

Prof. Dr. Ulun ULUĞ
Written by Prof. Dr. Ulun ULUĞ. 0 comments 4956 views

The addictive effect of cigarettes, which contains more than 4,000 substances harmful to human health, is due to nicotine. Harmful habits, which cause numerous problems on human health, also cause the problem of infertility.

  1. As it affects sperm production in the testicles, impotence in the genitals, decrease in erection, fertilization failure, hereditary disorders occur. These problems are the main causes of infertility.
  2. As it causes uterine and ovarian cancer; It can cause infertility by creating dangers such as miscarriage, disabled and incomplete birth, premature menopause.
  3. Smoking fathers can put their children at risk for life. Babies of women who smoked during pregnancy – 15 underweight, as well as intelligence deficiencies are seen. In addition, excessive smoking and alcohol consumption paves the way for infertility problems that may occur in children.
  4. It causes infertility problem by causing bladder cancer in the urinary bladder.
  5. The nicotine taken into the body by smoking negatively affects the cells in the ovaries and makes the egg more prone to genetic anomalies.
  6. While nicotine damages the ovaries and causes menopause at an earlier age, this means infertility problems at an early age.
  7. Smoking and alcohol use make it difficult to conceive naturally and cause miscarriage.
  8. Studies have shown a significant decrease in the ovarian capacity of smokers compared to non-smokers.
  9. Studies have shown that 60 ml per week. It has been shown that excessive alcohol use negatively affects sperm production. In addition, steroids, antidepressants, some antibiotics with sulfomids, some drugs used in cancer treatment can also be harmful for sperm quality, motility and production.
  10. Excessive alcohol consumption causes genital and urinary system anomalies and causes infertility.

Problems caused by alcohol use during pregnancy

One of the effects of alcohol on the baby is that by affecting the developing brain, it disrupts the development of nerve cells and causes the cells to migrate. It has also been scientifically proven to cause deformation in bone and cartilage cells.

  • Learning disorder,
  • Speech difficulties,
  • Lack of attention,
  • Spina bifida (openings in the spine),
  • Congenital heart diseases,
  • Anomalies of the genital and urinary system can be seen.
  • Like cigarettes, alcohol use also poses risks of miscarriage and premature birth.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)

FAS is explained as causing special congenital disorders and mental retardation in the child due to the mother's consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. Behavioral and developmental disorders such as not being able to communicate easily with others or taking direct action without thinking about the consequences can be seen in these children. There may also be significant differences in the shape of the face. As a result of serious research, it has been proven that smoking and alcohol used during pregnancy are definitely harmful to the baby. In order for your baby not to have physical, mental and behavioral disorders, it is imperative that you stay away from such bad habits, especially since their health is at stake!

8 problems caused by smoking during pregnancy

  1. It inhibits the growth of the baby.
  2. It lowers the body's resistance to harmful bacteria.
  3. Causes miscarriage or premature birth.
  4. It hinders the physical and mental development of the baby.
  5. Smoking during pregnancy prevents the development of the baby's lung capacity and causes respiratory diseases.
  6. It has been scientifically proven that the children of women who smoked during their pregnancies experience delayed perception problems.
  7. It increases the risk of placenta previa.
  8. As calcium is mobilized from the bones, bone loss increases, and the synthesis of vitamin B12 in the intestine decreases.

There are more than 3000 chemicals in cigarettes. Among these chemicals; Especially the effects of nicotine, carbon monoxide and cyanide on fetus were determined.

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